Sparger OEM Manufacturer


Top Quality Porous Metal Sparger OEM Manufacturer 


HENGKO isn't just another manufacturer. We're porous metal sparger pioneers, crafting unrivaled quality

that infuses industries with microscopic magic. Our spargers aren't just tiny; Our engineered to perfection,

designed to maximize gas distribution, optimize mixing, and amplify filtration.


Think beyond ordinary bubbles. HENGKO spargers are the silent heroes behind:

1. Biotech breakthroughs: 

Our spargers oxygenate fermentation tanks, ensuring the perfect environment for  cell cultures

and life-saving drugs.

2. Beverage brilliance: 

From infusing craft beers with just the right fizz to carbonating soft drinks with a whisper, we're the secret ingredient for irresistibly bubbly perfection.

3. Industrial innovation: 

We optimize wastewater treatment and revolutionize chemical reactions with precise gas dispersion and efficient filtration.


HENGKO isn't just a supplier; we're your partner in innovation. We offer unmatched customization,

meticulous testing, and unwavering support, ensuring your project bubbles with success.


Ready to experience the HENGKO difference?

Dive in and discover a world of possibilities, one tiny bubble at a time.


OEM Porous Sparger Manufacturer




Custom Your Special Metal Porous Sparger Head Details As Follow:



1.   Any Shape Design : Like Simple Cup, Tube, Circle, Ring Various Special Shapes Sparger Head


2.  Customize Size, Height, Wide, OD, ID  


3.  Customized Pore Size / Pore Size from 0.2μm - 100μm


4.  Customize Thickness of ID / OD 


5. Single Sparger Head, 2-Head, 3-Head Sparger 


6. Integrated Connector design with 304 stainless steel tube housing sparger 


Choose HENGKO for your porous gas sparger needs and experience the difference of working with a professional

manufacturer dedicated to delivering top-notch solutions that enhance your industrial processes. 


contact us icone hengko 




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Types of Sparger

Spargers: Tiny Bubbles, Big Impact

Spargers are the unsung heroes of many industries, silently introducing gas into liquids to achieve amazing things. But not all spargers are created equal! Let's dive into the different types and their unique strengths:

1. Porous Spargers:

These are the workhorses, made from sintered metal, ceramic, or glass. They have a porous structure that allows gas to break into tiny bubbles, increasing surface area for efficient mass transfer and mixing.

* Stone Spargers: Classic and versatile, often used in bioreactors for cell culture and fermentation.
* Membrane Spargers: Fine-tuned for sterile applications, offering high gas purity and low shear stress.
* Microporous Spargers: Tiny pore size for exceptionally fine bubbles, ideal for delicate processes like frothing or aeration.

OEM Sparger Tube

2. Orifice Spargers:

Simple and cost-effective, these use a single hole or multiple orifices to inject gas.

They create larger bubbles but are efficient for low-pressure applications like wastewater treatment.

Nozzle Spargers


3. Nozzle Spargers: 

Offering more control, these use nozzles to direct gas flow. They're perfect for creating specific bubble patterns or achieving high shear for mixing.

* Single Nozzle Spargers: Precise and easy to clean, ideal for situations like gas chromatography.

* Multi-Nozzle Spargers: Offer wider coverage and controlled bubble size, suitable for large tanks or complex mixing needs.

Orifice Spargers


4. Other Spargers:  

Beyond the usual suspects, there's a world of innovative designs:

* Bubble Columns: These tall towers use rising gas bubbles to gently mix and aerate liquids.
* Syringe Spargers: Precise and sterile, ideal for introducing small amounts of gas into sensitive environments.
* Surface Aerators: Often used in water treatment, they agitate and oxygenate liquids using rotating impellers or diffusers.

Choosing the right sparger depends on several factors:

* Application: What are you trying to achieve with the gas? Mixing, aeration, filtration, or something else?

* Liquid properties: Viscosity, pressure, and compatibility with the sparger material are crucial considerations.

* Gas type: Different gases require specific pore sizes or flow rates for optimal performance.

* Budget and scale: Simple spargers might be sufficient for small-scale operations, while complex processes might demand advanced features.


Remember, the perfect sparger is a match, not a one-size-fits-all solution. By understanding the types and their strengths,

you can choose the one that empowers your tiny bubbles to make a big impact.



What is a sparger in bioreactor

In the world of bioreactors, the sparger is the unseen hero, the tiny maestro conducting the delicate dance of gas and liquid. It's a device with a crucial mission: infusing the broth with vital gases, like oxygen, and ensuring they mingle evenly with the cellular residents.

Imagine a bioreactor as a bustling city. Cells are the busy citizens, constantly working and needing to breathe. The sparger is like the city's air filtration system, drawing in fresh air (oxygen) and distributing it throughout every nook and cranny.

Here's how it works:

1.  Gas enters the sparger: 

This could be pure oxygen, air, or even a specific gas mixture, depending on the cells' needs.

2. Tiny bubbles form: 

The sparger breaks the gas into a multitude of microscopic bubbles. This is crucial, as more surface area means better gas transfer to the liquid.

3. Bubbles rise and mingle: 

The bubbles gently rise through the broth, carrying the precious gas cargo. The sparger's design ensures the bubbles distribute evenly, reaching every corner of the bioreactor.

4. Cells breathe easy: 

As the bubbles rise, they come into close contact with the cells. The cells absorb the dissolved gas, like oxygen, to fuel their growth and metabolism.


Different spargers for different bioreactors:

Just like cities have diverse air filtration systems, bioreactors use various spargers:

* Stone spargers: 

These are the classic workhorses, made from porous materials like ceramics or metals. They're reliable and versatile, often used for bacterial or fungal cultures.

* Membrane spargers: 

These are the tech-savvy siblings, offering sterile environments and even finer bubbles. They're perfect for sensitive cell lines or delicate processes.

* Microporous spargers: 

These are the bubble whisperers, creating exceptionally fine bubbles for applications like protein production or shear-sensitive cells.


The sparger's impact goes beyond mere breathing:

* Mixing magic: 

The rising bubbles gently stir the broth, preventing cell clumping and ensuring uniform nutrient distribution.

* Shear force: 

Some spargers can create a controlled shearing force, which can be beneficial for certain processes like cell fragmentation or mass transfer.


* Waste removal: 

Sparging can also help remove unwanted gases like carbon dioxide, keeping the cellular environment healthy.


So, the next time you see a bioreactor humming away, remember the tiny maestro within – the sparger, ensuring the life-giving gas reaches every cellular corner.



What is sparging in brewing

In the brewhouse, sparging is the art of extracting the last drops of deliciousness from your grains. It's like squeezing the final notes from a well-played melody, ensuring you capture every bit of flavor and aroma locked within.

Think of your mash tun as a treasure chest filled with sugary goodness. You've already drained off the first, sweet wave of liquid, the wort. But there's more to be found! Sparging is all about unlocking those hidden reserves, gently coaxing out the remaining sugars without introducing harsh bitterness.

Here's how it unfolds:

* Hot water on the scene: 

Fresh, hot water, called sparge water, is slowly sprinkled or poured over the spent grain bed. This creates a gentle flow, washing away the sugar trapped in the grains.

* Sugar whispers: 

As the sparge water trickles through, it entices the sugars to join the party. They dissolve and mingle with the water, creating a weaker wort, separate from the initial, stronger brew.

* Layering the flavors: 

The sparge water isn't just a sugar grabber; it also washes away some tannins, those astringent fellows that can make your beer bitter. This delicate balance ensures you extract sweetness without bitterness, resulting in a smooth and harmonious brew.


But sparging isn't just a one-size-fits-all approach. Brewers have different techniques up their sleeves, each with its own twist:

* Fly sparging: 

A continuous sprinkling of sparge water, like a gentle rain, for maximum sugar extraction.


* Batch sparging: 

Adding the sparge water in batches, allowing each soak to release its sugary secrets before moving on.


* Raking and sparging: 

Stirring the grains while sparging, like coaxing honey from a beehive, for more efficient sugar release.


No matter the technique, the goal remains the same: maximize your beer's potential without sacrificing its drinkability. A good sparge is like a whispered promise – it ensures that your next sip is just as flavorful and delightful as the first.

So, the next time you raise a glass, remember the unsung hero of the brewhouse – the sparger, the gentle extractor of hidden treasures that makes your beer sing.


What is steam sparging

Steam sparging is a powerful technique used to heat liquids, remove unwanted gases, and even mix ingredients, all thanks to the magic of steam. Imagine a tiny, invisible army of steam bubbles rising through a liquid, working tirelessly to transform it.

Here's how it works:

1. Steam enters the scene: Hot, pressurized steam is injected directly into the liquid through a sparger, a device with tiny holes or a porous structure.

2. Bubble bonanza: As the steam hits the cooler liquid, it condenses, forming a multitude of microscopic bubbles. These bubbles are the key players in the sparging game.

3. Heat transfer: The steam bubbles, much hotter than the liquid, transfer their thermal energy, causing the liquid to heat up rapidly and evenly. This is a much faster and more efficient way to heat liquids compared to traditional methods like immersion heaters.

4. Gas-busting: The rising bubbles also act like tiny vacuum cleaners, scrubbing unwanted gases like oxygen or carbon dioxide from the liquid. This is particularly useful in processes like deoxygenating boiler feedwater or removing CO2 from beer.

5. Mixing mayhem: The gentle turbulence caused by the bubbles can also help mix ingredients in the liquid, ensuring a uniform and consistent mixture. This is beneficial in applications like blending wine or preparing fermentation broths.


Steam sparging isn't just for one-trick ponies, it's a versatile technique with many applications:

* Heating liquids in tanks and vessels: from industrial chemicals to brewing wort.

* Deoxygenating water for boilers: preventing corrosion and explosions.

* Removing CO2 from beer: ensuring a clean and crisp taste.

* Mixing ingredients in food and beverage production: creating smooth and consistent products.

* Wastewater treatment: promoting aeration and improving efficiency.

The beauty of steam sparging lies in its simplicity and effectiveness. It's a gentle yet powerful technique that can be easily adapted to various needs. So next time you see a liquid bubbling away, remember the unseen force at work – the tiny steam bubbles, transforming liquids with their invisible magic.

what temperature should sparge water be



What is the different with air sparger in bioreactor, sparging in brewing steam sparging ? 

FeatureAir Sparger (Bioreactor)Sparging (Brewing)Steam Sparging
Function Introduces oxygen for cell growth Extracts sugars from grains Heats, degases, and mixes liquids
Gas used Air or oxygen Air Steam (condenses to water)
Bubble size Fine bubbles for efficient gas transfer Coarse bubbles for gentle extraction Tiny bubbles for efficient heat transfer and gas removal
Mixing Can gently mix the broth No mixing Can mix ingredients depending on sparger design
Applications Aerating fermentation broths in lab and industrial settings Extracting sugars for beer production Heating and degassing liquids in various industries (food processing, chemical production, etc.)
Benefits Efficient oxygen transfer, low shear stress, sterile options available Maximizes sugar extraction, avoids harsh bitterness Fast heating, efficient degassing, good mixing potential
Drawbacks Can clog with cell debris, requires regular cleaning May extract unwanted tannins, less control over bubble size Can be energy-intensive, requires specialized equipment


* Air spargers in bioreactors often come in various designs like stone spargers, membrane spargers, and microporous spargers, each with its own strengths.

* Sparging in brewing can also involve techniques like fly sparging, batch sparging, and raking and sparging for optimal sugar extraction.

* Steam sparging can be combined with other techniques like mechanical agitation for enhanced mixing.


What is a Sparge Pipe ? 

A sparge pipe, also known as a sparger, is a versatile tool used in various industries to introduce a gas into a liquid. It's like a hidden conductor, orchestrating the delicate dance of gas and liquid to achieve specific results.

Think of it like a straw, but instead of sucking up liquid, it blows gas into it. This gas can be anything from air and oxygen to more specialized mixtures, depending on the application.

Here's how sparge pipes work their magic:

1. Design Variations:

* Simple pipes: These have holes drilled throughout their length, allowing gas to escape and form bubbles as it enters the liquid.

* Porous pipes: Made from sintered metal or ceramics, these have a porous structure that lets the gas diffuse evenly, creating finer bubbles.

* Nozzles: These have specialized tips that control the gas flow direction and bubble size, ideal for specific mixing or aeration needs.


2. Applications Galore:

* Bioreactors: Sparging oxygen into fermentation broths keeps cells happy and brewing.

* Wastewater treatment: Air sparging helps break down pollutants and improve oxygen levels.

* Beverages: Adding CO2 creates fizzy sodas and frothy beers.

* Chemical reactions: Sparging specific gases can initiate or control reactions.

* Industrial processes: From mixing paints to cleaning tanks, sparging plays a role.


3. Benefits of Using Sparge Pipes:

* Efficient gas distribution: Tiny bubbles maximize gas-liquid contact for better results.

* Controlled mixing: Sparging can gently stir liquids without damaging delicate ingredients.

* Aeration and oxygenation: Vital for biological processes and water treatment.

* Versatility: One tool, many uses, adaptable to diverse needs.


Remember, the sparge pipe may be hidden, but its impact is undeniable. It's the silent hero behind bubbly beverages, thriving cell cultures, and cleaner water. So next time you witness a process involving gas and liquid working in harmony, think of the sparge pipe – the tiny conductor orchestrating the symphony behind the scenes.



Looking for a Custom Metal Porous Sparger for Your System?

Reach out to HENGKO at for specialized solutions tailored to your needs. 




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